Lista de funciones de I+D de 3Dicom

Lista de funciones de I+D de 3Dicom

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The 3Dicom R&D software is intended as a fully-featured DICOM viewer and STL viewer software that operates across Windows, MacOS / OS X, and standalone Virtual Reality systems.

Intended for use not as a medical device, but as a powerful tool for medical device manufacturers for R&D, for veterinary usage in small animal surgical planning and particularly for training and education of anatomy and pathology, 3Dicom R&D has a huge number of features which even include medical AI training and validation toolkits.

Discover the full feature set below.

Medical Image & CAD File Management

User can access a ‘Scan Database’ which has tabs at the top for “Local”, “MFTP”, “PACS” and “3D Models”
Load DICOM files into the software from a local directory by clicking “Scan Database”, then clicking on the ‘Local’ tab and then “Load DICOM” button to browse to a local folder containing .DCM extensions
Load NiFTi (.NII) files into the software from a local directory by clicking “Scan Database”, then clicking on the ‘Local’ tab and the “Load Other” button and browsing to a folder containing .NII extensions
Load a compressed folder containing DICOM or NiFTi files into the software from a local directory by clicking “Scan Database”, then on the ‘Local’ tab and “Load Other” button and browsing to a .tar.gz file type (no ZIP and no RAR files)
Busque/filtre la base de datos de escaneo por nombre de paciente, ID de estudio o ID de serie en cualquiera de las pestañas 'Local', 'MFTP', 'PACS' o '3D Model'
Users can browse through Patient’s scans in top 1/3 panel of the tabs in the Scan Database and view and sort by “Patient Name”, “Patient ID”, “Birth Date”, “Sex”, “# of Studies”, “Last Study Date”, and “Date Added”. Where scans have been anonymised, ‘N/A’ is used.
Los usuarios pueden cambiar el nombre del "Nombre del paciente" haciendo doble clic en el campo Nombre del paciente en cualquier lugar donde aparezca el campo en la base de datos de escaneo
Users can browse through all ‘Studies’ associated with a patient in the 2/3 panel of the tabs in the Scan Database and view and sort by “Study Date”, “Study ID”, “Study Description”, “# of Series in that study”, and “Date Added”
Users can rename the “Study Description” by double clicking on the Study Description field in the Scan Database in the 2/3 panel in each tab
Users can browse through all ‘Series’ associated with a patient’s particular study in the ‘Series’ panel of the Scan Database once they’ve selected a particular Study. They can view the series and sort by “Series #”, “Series Description”, “Modality of Scan”, “Count – # of images in the scan”, and “Date Added”
Users can hover over a thumbnail in the ‘Series’ panel in the Scan Database to see a scrolling preview of the scan in the plane of acquisition
Anonymise DICOM series by clicking on the “Anonymise” icon next to a series in the Scan Database
Remove scans and models from the Scan Database by clicking the “Delete” icon next to a patient/study/series and/or model in the Scan Database
Load DICOM & NII files into the program from removable media such as CD/USD by clicking ‘Local’ tab and then “Load from Removable Media” and browsing to the folder containing DICOM or NII files
Load DICOM & NII files which have been sent via Medical File Transfer Protocol from the Scan Database by clicking on the ‘MFTP’ tab and viewing any received files
Cargue archivos DICOM y NII en el programa desde un sistema de comunicación y archivo de imágenes local a través de la base de datos de escaneo (con los ajustes de configuración iniciales ingresados en 'Configuración global') haciendo clic en la pestaña 'PACS' y viendo/abrir archivos PACS desde allí
Cargue archivos DICOM y NII en el programa desde un sistema de comunicación y archivo de imágenes (PACS) basado en la nube a través de la base de datos de escaneo (con los ajustes de configuración iniciales ingresados en 'Configuración global') haciendo clic en la pestaña 'PACS' y viendo/abriendo la nube Registros/archivos PACS desde allí.
Cargue/recupere y vea informes radiológicos del directorio local vinculado a un paciente/estudio o serie en la base de datos de exploración haciendo clic en el nombre del paciente en la pestaña 'Local', luego en el estudio relevante y buscando el informe en la 'Serie' 3/ 3 paneles.
Cargue/recupere y vea informes radiológicos de PACS locales vinculados a un paciente/estudio o serie en la base de datos de exploración haciendo clic en el nombre del paciente en la pestaña 'PACS', luego en el estudio relevante y buscando el informe en 'Series' 3/ 3 paneles.
Cargue/recupere y vea informes radiológicos de PACS basados en la nube vinculados a un paciente/estudio o serie en la base de datos de exploración haciendo clic en el nombre del paciente en la pestaña 'PACS', luego en el estudio relevante y buscando el informe en 'Series' Panel 3/3.
Load a Session linked to a series in the Scan Database to import particular states, markups and edits made to the original DICOM file by clicking on a Series. If a session(s) is saved to that series, a modal popup appears and gives the option to choose from a list of sessions associated to that Series.
Load Computer Aided Design files into the software from a local directory through the Scan Database by clicking on the ‘3D Models’ tab, clicking “Add Model” and browsing to a folder containing .STL, .PLY. OBJ or .FBX models. 
Load Computer Aided Design files into the software from MFTP through the Scan Database by clicking on the ‘MFTP’ tab and filtering by “3D Models”
Cree/guarde una sesión relacionada con un escaneo particular en la base de datos de escaneo con un 'Nombre de sesión' y notas haciendo clic en 'Guardar' en la barra superior; Los estados guardados incluyen, entre otros, la posición del modelo 3D, los valores de densidad HU de los umbrales superior/inferior, la configuración de brillo, contraste y opacidad, las posiciones de corte 3D, las medidas, las anotaciones y las posiciones/cortes de vista 2D.
Cree/guarde una sesión relacionada con un escaneo particular en la base de datos de escaneo con un 'Nombre de sesión' y notas al salir o en hitos específicos basados en eventos; Los estados guardados incluyen, entre otros, la posición del modelo 3D, los valores de densidad HU de los umbrales superior/inferior, la configuración de brillo, contraste y opacidad, las posiciones de corte 3D, las medidas, las anotaciones, las posiciones/cortes de vista 2D, la configuración de segmentación y el diseño asistido por computadora. configuración de archivos/parámetros y posiciones.
Upon loading of a scan, view pertinent scan information such as Patient Name (N/A if anonymised), Date of Birth, Series name and slice thickness / modality in the “Scan Information” panel in bottom left.
El usuario puede compartir un archivo desde el menú superior. Genera una ventana emergente modal que guía al usuario a través del proceso de guardado, anonimización, compresión y exportación (por correo electrónico o MFTP).
User can share a 3D model from the ‘3D Models’ tab by clicking on a share icon next to each 3D model in the list / grid layout in the tab. Spawns a modal popup that steps user through sending the model via email or via MFTP.
El usuario puede compartir una sesión (y el escaneo asociado) haciendo clic en los paneles "Paciente", "Estudios" y "Serie" y luego haciendo clic en un "ICONO de sesiones" junto a la serie. Esto abre una ventana emergente con una lista de las sesiones asociadas con el análisis y su fecha de creación/última modificación y un icono de compartir junto a cada sesión. Si un usuario hace clic para compartir una sesión, puede optar por anonimizar la serie y/o activar/desactivar qué atributos forman parte de la sesión compartida antes de compartir a través de MFTP.
El usuario puede compartir informes radiológicos navegando a través de la "Base de datos de escaneo" hasta un estudio específico y luego haciendo clic en el icono Compartir junto al informe en la lista. Se abre un cuadro de diálogo que brinda la capacidad de enviar por correo electrónico o MFTP y solicita al usuario que marque una casilla que indique que tiene permiso para compartirlo.
El usuario puede exportar archivos de MFTP, PACS, Cloud PACS a su directorio local directamente desde la interfaz con pestañas haciendo clic en las pestañas "MFTP", "PACS" y luego haciendo clic en un icono de exportación/descarga junto al estudio o la serie elegidos. . Se muestra un descargo de responsabilidad en un cuadro de diálogo junto con la opción de anonimizar el escaneo antes de Exportar/Descargar.
User can export 3D model(s) to their local directory directly from the “MFTP”, “3D Model” tabs and then clicking on an Export/Download Icon next to the chosen 3D Model. 
El usuario puede exportar un informe radiológico a su directorio local desde las pestañas "MFTP" y "PACS" haciendo clic en el icono Exportar/Descargar junto al informe deseado.
User can save their current session / scan by clicking on the “Save” button in the top bar as per #30.

Visualisation & Manipulation of Medical Scans and Computer Aided Design Models

Users can collapse the LHS and RHS panels to maximise the main view and then re-expand the side panels individually for the additional views and controls.
Visualise CT/MRI/PET scans in 2D plane of acquisition and scroll through images/slices using sliders and/or scroll wheel/trackpad in the smaller 2D views in RHS panel or in the full-screen view
Visualise CT/MRI/PET scans with 2D multiplanar reconstruction and scroll through each 2D plane using sliders and/or mouse scroll-wheel / trackpad in the smaller 2D views in RHS panel or in the full-screen view
Los usuarios pueden visualizar dónde está el cursor en un plano en otros planos 2D con cruces planas para correlacionar la posición del cursor en diferentes planos.
Visualise CT/MRI/PET scans as a single 3D volumetric model with ability to zoom, pan and rotate using a mouse and keyboard inputs
Los usuarios pueden editar la sensibilidad de la panorámica y la rotación navegando a "Configuración - General" y usando los controles deslizantes "Sensibilidad de panorámica" y/o "Sensibilidad de rotación" para personalizar el nivel de sensibilidad. 
Adjust the Hounsfield range / density values to expose various anatomical structures in the 2D & 3D views using a slider tool located in the LHS ‘Display’ panel controlled by a mouse as the input
Con un mouse y un teclado, haga clic en los campos de texto sobre el control deslizante Hounsfield / Densidad en el 'Panel de visualización' de LHS y haga clic y luego escriba para ingresar valores de densidad precisos para exponer las estructuras anatómicas deseadas.
Utilice rangos de valores de densidad preestablecidos para visualizar ciertas estructuras anatómicas (solo tomografías computarizadas) como piel, músculo y hueso con íconos para activar y desactivar estos rangos
Automatic scale (to automatically set HU range to display first recognisable object)
User can click on the ‘Reset’ icon above the Density slider (#49) to reset the Hounsfield / Density values to their initial automatically scaled position
Adjust the brightness of the scan (happens to both 2D & 3D views) using a slider tool located in the LHS ‘Display’ panel controlled by a mouse as the input
Adjust the contrast of the scan (happens to both 2D & 3D views) using a slider tool located in the LHS ‘Display’ panel controlled by a mouse as the input
Adjust the opacity (happens to both 2D & 3D views) using a slider tool located in the LHS ‘Display’ panel controlled by a mouse as the input
Ingrese valores precisos de brillo, contraste y opacidad además de la entrada del control deslizante haciendo clic en el campo de texto junto a cada control deslizante y usando un teclado para ingresar un valor preciso
User can click on the ‘Reset’ icon above the Brightness, Contrast and Opacity sliders (#54-56) to reset the Brightness, Contrast and Opacity values to their default positions
Slice' en el modelo 3D en los tres planos 2D; Sagital, Coronal y Transversal utilizando herramientas deslizantes ubicadas en el panel LHS 'Display' controlado por un mouse como entradas
Los valores de corte "inferior" y "superior" se representan en pequeños cuadros encima de cada control deslizante de plano 2D para #59 y se pueden ingresar manualmente para un control preciso.
User can ‘crop’ a scan to create a new DICOM or NIFTI scan by moving the Sagittal, Coronal, and/or Transverse sliders or entering precise values as per #56 and then clicking on a button in the Display Panel called “Crop”. This spawns a modal popup that allows the user to save the newly cropped scan. Upon exit from the software or when saving, the User MUST save the scan as a new series in .DCM or .NII format. 
El usuario puede hacer clic en el ícono 'Restablecer' arriba de los controles deslizantes Sagital, Coronal y Transversal (#59) para restablecer el escaneo a su posición de corte predeterminada
Active o desactive la representación cromática hiperrealista con iluminación, sombras, etc. según los rangos de valores de densidad (solo tomografías computarizadas) activando el botón "Activar representación cromática" en la parte inferior del panel "Pantalla" en el LHS. Solo funciona con tomografías computarizadas y hardware compatible.
Orientate the 3D model into standard viewing angles using a Navigation Cube that operates similar to Computer Aided Design programs
Users can edit the size of the Navigation Cube by navigating to “Settings -> Navigation Cube Settings” and using the slider to increase or decrease the Navigation Cube size. 
Capture screenshots of the ‘raw’ (without markups or annotations) 3D volumetric model by clicking on the “Camera icon” next to the Navigation cube. Saves image to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’  or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”.
Capture screenshots of the 3D volumetric model with annotations & measurements by clicking on the “Camera icon” next to the Navigation cube. Saves image to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’  or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”.
Capture screenshots of the 3D volumetric model with annotations, measurements and CAD model positions and segmentations by clicking on the “Camera icon” next to the Navigation cube. Saves image to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’  or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”
Capture screenshots of the ‘raw’ (without edits) scan images in a particular 2D plane by clicking on the small camera icon next to the 2D view on the right hand side panel. Saves to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’ or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”.
Capture screenshots of the 2D scan images in a particular 2D plane with annotations & measurements shown by clicking on the small camera icon next to the 2D view on the right hand side panel. Saves image to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’  or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”.
Capture screenshots of the 2D scan images in a particular 2D plane with annotations, measurements, segmentation masks and CAD models shown by clicking on the small camera icon next to the 2D view on the right hand side panel. Saves image to a standard file directory location such as ‘Downloads’  or a custom file path/destination can be set in “Global Settings -> Media”.
Capture grabaciones de video de la vista 3D haciendo clic en 'Grabar' en el panel "Medios" en el panel LHS con/sin interfaz de usuario + marcas grabadas (según lo elegido en la Configuración global) y con/sin grabación de micrófono (según lo elegido en "Medios"). panel ” en LHS).
Capture grabaciones de video de vistas 2D individuales haciendo clic y manteniendo presionado el ícono de la cámara junto a una vista 2D en el panel RHS hasta que el ícono de la cámara se vuelva rojo. Luego, el usuario puede interactuar con los escaneos 2D y grabar hasta que vuelva a hacer clic en el icono de la cámara roja.
Fullscreen a particular 2D plane by clicking on the [ ] icon on the right hand panel next to the view. When a 2D view is full-screened, a slider appears at the bottom in the middle for scrolling through the images
Rotate a 2D view/plane by 90 degrees clockwise at a time by clicking on the ‘Rotate Icon’ next to a particular 2D view on the RHS panel. Rotation can also be conducted when the 2D view is fullscreened by clicking on the corresponding ‘Rotate icon’
Oriente las vistas 2D y voltéelas horizontalmente haciendo clic en el "Ícono de voltear horizontalmente" en el panel lateral derecho correspondiente a una vista 2D en particular.
Oriente las vistas 2D y voltéelas verticalmente haciendo clic en el "Icono de voltear verticalmente" en el panel lateral derecho correspondiente a una vista 2D en particular.
Invierta la dirección en la que un usuario se desplaza a través de la serie de imágenes 2D haciendo clic en el 'Icono de pila de imágenes' en el panel RHS
Vea el número de imagen actual en los planos transversal, coronal y sagital representados sobre el total de imágenes en ese plano. Es decir, 84/512 en el plano Coronal o 280/620 en el plano transversal)
Gire la cámara/vista en primera persona del modelo 3D, en lugar del modelo en sí, para ver las estructuras internas desde una sola posición (vista inmersiva de 360*) haciendo clic en...

Medidas y anotaciones

Visualice y edite anotaciones en el escaneo en vistas 2D (DOT + etiqueta en vistas 2D). Edite la información haciendo doble clic en la anotación respectiva en la lista de marcado filtrable de anotaciones y medidas ubicada en el panel 'Medida' en el panel LHS. Al hacer clic y mantener presionado el PUNTO en las vistas 2D, se crea un cuadro de diálogo con las coordenadas espaciales 3D, el título y una descripción de => 200 caracteres y la capacidad de arrastrar la anotación a una nueva ubicación.
Visualise annotations in the scan in 3D view (Dotted line and label in 3D view) – READ ONLY ACCESS. Annotations can be provided from practitioners in Pro / Surgical to patients in 3Dicom Lite by saving a session with annotations.
Visualice y edite anotaciones en el escaneo en vista 3D (Línea punteada y Título en vista 3D). Al hacer clic en el PUNTO en la vista 3D, se crea un cuadro de diálogo con las coordenadas espaciales 3D, el Título y una descripción de =>200 caracteres y la capacidad de arrastrar la anotación a una nueva ubicación.
Alterne para seleccionar si todas las anotaciones/medidas y marcas se muestran en vistas 2D
Alterne para seleccionar si todas las anotaciones/medidas y marcas se muestran en la vista 3D
Genere anotaciones en vistas 2D (flecha + etiqueta) que también se colocan y visualizan en el modelo 3D (como un punto + etiqueta) en un color azul claro haciendo clic en el botón "Anotación" en el panel "Medir" a la izquierda -side (LHS) y luego haciendo clic en cualquier lugar en una vista/plano 2D para agregar una etiqueta. 
Dibuje/mida una línea recta entre dos puntos en una vista 2D haciendo clic en el botón "Longitud" en el panel "Medir" y luego haciendo clic y arrastrando entre dos puntos en una imagen 2D. Esto tiene la capacidad de activar o desactivar las mediciones de longitud individuales en las vistas 2D y/o 3D 'ciclando' a través de las opciones '2D', '3D' y 'Oculto' haciendo clic en la medida relevante en la lista de medidas del panel LHS y anotaciones Todas las medidas/dibujos de línea son de color verde claro. 
Ver cualquier/todas las medidas/dibujos de línea recta en vistas 2D y 3D cargadas de sesiones anteriores o compartidas por otro usuario de 3Dicom
Dibuje/mida un polígono cerrado en una vista 2D haciendo clic en "Polígono" en el panel "Medir" y creando múltiples puntos en una vista 2D haciendo clic. Esto tiene la capacidad de activar/desactivar las mediciones de área y perímetro en vistas 2D y/o 3D al recorrer las opciones '2D', '3D' y 'Oculto' haciendo clic en la medición relevante en la lista de mediciones y anotaciones del panel LHS . Todas las medidas/dibujos de polígonos son de color rojo brillante.
Ver cualquiera/todas las medidas/dibujos de polígonos cerrados en vistas 2D y 3D cargadas de sesiones anteriores o compartidas por otro usuario de 3Dicom
Dibuje/mida un círculo en una vista 2D haciendo clic en el botón "Círculo" en el panel "Medir" y haga clic y arrastre en una imagen 2D. Esto tiene la capacidad de activar/desactivar las medidas de diámetro, circunferencia y área en vistas 2D y/o 3D yendo a través de las opciones '2D', '3D' y 'Oculto' haciendo clic en la medida relevante en la lista de medidas del panel LHS y anotaciones. Todas las medidas/dibujos de los círculos son de color azul oscuro.
Ver cualquier/todas las medidas/dibujos de círculos en vistas 2D y 3D cargadas de sesiones anteriores o compartidas por otro usuario de 3Dicom
Medición de un solo ángulo en un plano 2D haciendo clic en el botón "Ángulo" en el panel "Medir" y luego haciendo clic tres veces en un plano 2D para crear un punto de origen, un punto de incidencia y un punto final. Luego, el ángulo resultante se muestra superpuesto en el plano 2D cerca del punto de incidencia. La herramienta de ángulo 2D tiene la capacidad de activar/desactivar la medición de ángulo en vistas 2D y/o 3D yendo a través de las opciones '2D', '3D' y 'Oculto' haciendo clic en las medidas relevantes en la lista de medidas del panel LHS y anotaciones Todas las medidas/dibujos de ángulos son de color naranja brillante.
Medición del ángulo COBB en un plano 2D
Ver cualquier/todas las medidas/dibujos de ángulos COBB en vistas 2D y 3D cargadas de sesiones anteriores o compartidas por otro usuario de 3Dicom
Create 3D measurement of length by clicking on the “Length” button in the “Measure” panel and adding an origin point on a selected 2D slice/image in one plane and then adding a second point on a separate 2D slice/image in the same plane. This measurement is for the resultant 3D vector between the two points. The drawing and measurement is coloured light green.
Ver cualquier/todas las medidas de longitud 3D en la vista 3D
Activa o desactiva la visualización de mediciones 3D
Create a 3D angle measurement by clicking on the “Angle” button in the “Measure” panel, clicking on a point on a 2D image in a particular plane to create an origin point, then scroll through images on the same plane and create a second point of incidence before finally creating a third and final point on another 2D image in the same 2D plane. The resultant 3D angle is coloured bright orange.
Ver cualquiera/todas las medidas de ángulos 3D en la vista 3D
Activa o desactiva la visualización de mediciones de ángulos en 3D
Vea las etiquetas y medidas de cualquiera o todos los dibujos, medidas y/o anotaciones como una lista en el panel "Medida" con la capacidad de filtrar qué medidas se muestran en la lista. 
Elimine cualquier anotación, dibujo y/o medida creada relevante para el nivel de acceso de ese usuario como se describe arriba de #83 – 102 usando el icono de papelera al lado de cualquiera de las medidas/anotaciones en la lista en el panel “Medida” de LHS o haciendo clic en una medición/anotación en una vista 2D y usando la tecla "Eliminar" en el teclado.
Cambie el nombre de las anotaciones, dibujos y/o medidas creadas relevantes para el nivel de acceso de ese usuario como se describe anteriormente desde #83-102 haciendo doble clic en cualquiera de las medidas/anotaciones en la lista en el panel "Medir" de LHS.
Pase el cursor sobre cualquier medida en la lista de medidas/anotaciones en el panel "Medida" de la izquierda o en la representación visual de la medida en un plano 2D para generar un cuadro de diálogo justo debajo y a la derecha del cursor con los detalles más finos de la medición y/o anotación

Grabación de medios

Users can acquire images & video through the methods detailed in #66 – 73 above based on their User Level permissions
Los usuarios pueden ver una "Galería de medios" en la aplicación en el panel "Medios" en el LHS que contiene imágenes y videos adquiridos del escaneo cargado en la sesión 3Dicom actual o anterior.
Los usuarios pueden hacer clic en una miniatura en la "Galería multimedia" para abrir una vista previa en la aplicación de las imágenes/videos. Los usuarios también pueden hacer clic en el ícono 'Papelera' en la Galería multimedia para eliminar las imágenes/videos adquiridos durante la sesión actual. Los usuarios pueden compartir las imágenes por correo electrónico directamente desde la Galería multimedia.
Users can click on the “Open File Location” button in the LHS “Media” panel to browse directly to the location where images and video acquired in 3Dicom is stored. They can also do this in the “Settings -> Media” tab.
Los usuarios pueden editar dónde se guardan los archivos de imagen y video accediendo a la pestaña "Configuración -> Medios" y haciendo clic en "Cambiar ubicación para guardar"
Los usuarios pueden seleccionar si las medidas, anotaciones, segmentos y todas las demás 'marcas/ediciones' se muestran o no en capturas de pantalla/videos alternando la configuración "Marcas en medios" ubicada en la pestaña "Configuración -> Medios". Establecido en Falso y no editable para usuarios de Pacientes de 3Dicom.
Los usuarios pueden seleccionar si mostrar o no la interfaz de usuario (paneles laterales, etc.) en capturas de pantalla/videos alternando la configuración de "Grabación de interfaz de usuario" ubicada en la pestaña "Configuración -> Medios". Establecido en Falso y no editable para usuarios de Pacientes de 3Dicom.
Users can select their preferred Microphone and Speakers from the “Microphone & Speaker” settings located in “Settings -> Media” tab and selecting from the available audio input/outputs.

Investigar

Los usuarios pueden ver todas las etiquetas DICOM del escaneo/sesión cargado y ordenarlas de la A a la Z y buscar en una lista desplazable. El usuario puede expandir/contraer esta lista desplazable para obtener espacio adicional en el panel.
Los usuarios pueden anonimizar completamente las etiquetas DICOM y guardarlas como una nueva serie.
Los usuarios pueden convertir el formato DICOM a .NII haciendo clic en un botón ubicado en el panel de investigación de la interfaz de usuario de LHS que dice "Convertir DICOM". Esto genera una ventana emergente modal que brinda al usuario la capacidad de elegir el formato de salida deseado a través de una lista desplegable, la carpeta de destino y cualquier otro parámetro. Para usuarios quirúrgicos, el tipo de salida se puede cambiar a .NRRD o .MHD según #155 y 156
Users can convert the DICOM to .NRRD format by clicking on the same button as #153 that says “Convert DICOM”. This spawns a modal popup which provides the User to choose the desired output format via a drop-down list, the destination folder and any other parameters. 
Users can convert the DICOM to .MHD format by clicking on the same button as #153 that says “Convert DICOM”. This spawns a modal popup which provides the User to choose the desired output format via a drop-down list, the destination folder and any other parameters. 
El usuario puede exportar de forma masiva DICOM sin formato a .JPG en los planos X, Y, Z como una de las opciones desplegables detalladas en #156.
El usuario puede exportar de forma masiva DICOM sin procesar a .PNG en los planos X, Y, Z como una de las opciones desplegables detalladas en #156.
Users can bulk export binary masks in the X, Y, Z planes by clicking on the same “Bulk Export Images” button detailed in #156 and then selecting ONE already created segment as the mask to be used as part of the modal popup flow. Binary masks can be exported as .TIFF, .JPG, .PNG, the mask is always white and background/all else is black, and it can be selected to be exported in any/all of the X, Y, Z planes.
Users can bulk export multi-class masks in the X, Y, Z planes using multiple selected segments as the masks with same functionality as #159 but with multiple masks shown. Masks can have different colours but background/anything else is always black.
User can access a standard Hounsfield Histogram in the bottom right of the Research panel in LHS UI and adjust the windowing values with an upper & lower slider on the Histogram. The Histogram can be viewed in a larger view for screenshots with a modal ‘full-screen’ mode along with additional Quantitative Analysis (Mean, Median, Lowest, Highest etc.) about the Hounsfield values, greyscale gradients etc.
Users can access specific research-focused Python libraries and apply their functionality through modal popups (PyRadiomics etc.) (https://pythonrepo.com/tag/medical-imaging)  

Segment

The Segment panel in the LHS UI shall feature a large scrollable list area. At the top of this list shall be the “Scan Volume” which can not be renamed but shall have the ability to edit the Opacity by typing 0-100 in a small text field, with 0 being no opacity and 100 being maximum opacity. 
Users can add a segment to the list of segments by clicking on a “+” icon at the bottom of the list, this then creates a new segment in the list which has name of “Segment n+1” and is allocated a ‘new’ colour. 
Users can remove a segment from the list of segments by clicking on the segment to highlight it, then clicking on a “-” icon at the bottom of the list. This spawns a dialog box saying “Are you sure you want to remove this segment? Yes/No” 
To the left of the Scan Volume shall be an icon of a 3D cube. To the immediate left of all other segments in the segment list of #165 shall be a square containing a colour. Clicking on this square will provide users with a drop-down list of preset colours for anatomy (https://www.slicer.org/wiki/Slicer3:2010_GenericAnatomyColors) and an ever-present option at the top of the list called “Custom” which allows the User to create a colour from a RGBA mixing panel.
Users can rename a segment by double-clicking on the Segment name. This then creates a white text field which can be typed into. Hitting “Enter” or clicking out of the text field closes the text field and sets the segment name to whatever is in the text field.
Users can see the volume of the segment to the immediate right hand side of the segment name inside of brackets (30 mm3) and displayed as mm3. 
Users can edit the opacity of a segment by clicking on a square to the right of the name/volume which contains a number from 0-99. By editing this number, the Opacity of the segment can be changed to a specific value between 0 & 99 and visualised in the 2D and 3D views. 
To the left-hand most side of a segment in the segment list shall be an ‘Eye’ icon which can be clicked to toggle between the segment being visible in the 2D /3D views or not shown.
Users can select a single segment by clicking on a Segment in the segment list once. This activates the segmentation tools located below the list which are further detailed in #180 – 200.
Users can select multiple segments by holding Shift and left clicking on multiple segments. Users can also remove segments from the multiple selection by continuing to hold Shift but clicking on the desired segment with a right click. 
If no segments are selected in the segment list, Users can hover over segment masks in the 2D and/or 3D views and an outline appears and an overlaid label with the name & volume of the segment.
Users can merge segments by selecting multiple segments as per #174 and then clicking on a button at the bottom of the segment list next to the “+” and “-” buttons that has a ‘merge’ icon. A dialog box appears stating “Merging segments can’t be undone. Do you want to proceed? Yes/No”. The original segments are combined into a new segmented called “Merged Segment n+1” and original segments are removed from the segment list.
Users can duplicate a segment(s) by selecting one or more segments in the list and clicking on a button at the bottom of the segment list to the right of “Merge” that has a duplicate icon. All segment attributes such as colour, visibility, opacity, HU threshold ranges etc. are copied to a new segment(s) which is named “{Original Segment Name} + “Copy””
Users can undo / redo recent changes to segments only by clicking on the “Undo” / “Redo” icon buttons at the bottom of the segment list to the right of the Duplicate button. Users can also use global Undo/Redo with Ctrl/Cmd + Z, Ctrl/Cmd + Y.
Show Segments in 3D. Located under the segment list shall be a toggle that allows Users to toggle on/off to show visible segments in the 3D view in addition to the 2D views. By default, this should be turned off. Additionally, there should be a tooltip or text below this button that advises users that 3D viewing may slow the software.
Located under the segment list shall be a toggle that allows Users to toggle on/off to show only selected segments in 3D view OR show all visible segments in 3D view.
User should be able to toggle on/off a Hounsfield Pointer using a button/toggle located under the segment list. Toggling this on results in a dialog box appearing to the lower-left of the cursor which displays the Hounsfield value of the voxel below the cursor tip.
Below the segment list and buttons shall be a horizontally tabbed interface with 8 icons being; Paint brush, Eraser, Bucket, Magic Wand, Seed, Island, Hollow, and Scissors. These icons will be greyed out if there are no segments (aside from Scan Volume) present in the Segment list or no segment(s) selected.
When a User has selected only one segment, the Paint Brush, Eraser, Bucket, Magic Wand, Island, Hollow, and Scissor icons are shown to be white (clickable) rather than greyed out. A User can click on each icon to open tabs with specific controls for each function.
When a User has selected multiple segments, all icons are greyed out with the exception of the Seed, Hollow and Scissor icons.
User can click on the Paint Brush icon to view a tab that contains a slider to define a Lower/Upper threshold to determine the HU range of voxels that can be painted/drawn on. As User changes slider values, the related voxels in the scan are highlighted with the segment colour to indicate what is editable. It also contains a slider to determine the size of the ‘brush’ which ranges from 1 voxel wide to 50 voxels wide. When User clicks and/or drags brush over a 2D view, the voxels within the defined range are coloured the same colour as that segment’s defined colour.
User can click on the Eraser icon to view a tab that contains a slider to define a Lower/Upper threshold to determine the HU range of painted/coloured voxels that can be erased. As User changes slider values, the related voxels in the scan are highlighted with the segment colour to indicate what is editable. It also contains a slider to determine the size of the ‘brush’ which ranges from 1 voxel wide to 50 voxels wide. It also contains an option/setting to erase voxels within the defined range between particular slice ranges in the X, Y, Z planes. When a User clicks and/or drags the eraser over a 2D view, the voxels within the defined range that have previously been coloured by any segment are erased and the ‘raw’ DICOM image/voxel is seen. 
User can click on the Bucket icon to view a tab that contains a slider to define a Lower/Upper threshold for editable HU range. As User changes slider values, the related voxels in the scan are highlighted with the segment colour to indicate what is editable. The tab also includes an option to set a range of slices in the X, Y, Z planes similar to #60 and to “Apply to all Slices”. If “Apply to all Slices” is toggled off, then clicking on a 2D view with the bucket will ‘fill’ the editable range on that slice alone. If “Apply to all Slices” is turned on, then clicking on a 2D view with the bucket icon will colour all editable voxels throughout the Scan volume and range of slices with the segment colour.
User can click on the “Magic Wand” icon to view a tab that contains a slider to define Lower/Upper threshold for editable HU range. When a User is using the ‘Magic Wand’ they can hover over an image in the 2D views and an outline is formed at the end of the cursor to create a closed path that follows the same HU/intensity value back to the starting point. The cursor can be moved around to preview different areas before clicking the left-mouse-button creates the segment and fills in the editable voxels inside of the outline.
If a User has selected multiple segments, they can click on the “Seed” icon which allows them to view a tab that contains a number of inputs/options as per https://slicer.readthedocs.io/en/latest/user_guide/modules/segmenteditor.html#grow-from-seeds 
Users can click on the Island icon to view a tab that provides them with the ability to remove artifacts from segment masks. Options include “Keep largest island”, “remove small islands (with ability to add minimum size)”. https://slicer.readthedocs.io/en/latest/user_guide/modules/segmenteditor.html#islands
User can click on the Hollow icon to view a tab that provides option to makes the selected segment(s) hollow by replacing the segment(s) with a uniform-thickness shell defined by the segment boundary. User can input a thickness value. https://slicer.readthedocs.io/en/latest/user_guide/modules/segmenteditor.html#hollow 
Users can click on the Scissors icon to view a tab that contains the same cropping functionality as #60/#61. When a User changes the slice range(s) in the X, Z, and/or Z directions, any selected segments are ‘cropped’ to fit within that range. User can then click a button that says ‘Apply’ and it crops the selected segments to fit within the new boundaries. This does not crop the DICOM itself.
In the bottom left of the Segment panel located in LHS UI shall be a full-width pill button that displays the text “Export Segment(s)” depending on whether a single or multiple segment(s) are selected. 
Clicking on the “Export Segment(s)” button shall spawn a modal popup which has multiple ‘panels/pages’ for the export flow.
Continuing on from #194. The first ‘page’ contains the list of segments with already selected segments highlighted and provides user the ability to select/deselect Segments for export. Once a User has selected all desired segments for Export, they click on ‘Next’.
Continuing on from #195, when a User clicks ‘Next’ if any of the segments contain a break (a missing slice in any view between two other slices), a warning appears and alerts them to an ‘Imcomplete segment’, which segment and what slice number if missing. If not, proceed to #199.
Continuing on from #195/#196, if a User has complete segments, clicking “Next” on the first panel of the modal popup takes the User to the second panel/page. This contains the smoothing settings. For smoothing, there shall be a button/checkbox to Enable/Disable smoothing. If smoothing is enabled, the smoothing settings are editable and consist of the smoothing lambda (which can be edited via a numerical input field) and number of iterations (default 5) which can also be edited via a numerical input field.
Continuing on from #197, the second ‘Page’/Panel of the modal popup also contains the Island removal settings. For island removal, there shall be a button/checkbox to Enable/Disable Island/Artifact removal. If enabled, islanding/artifact removal settings are editable and consist of editable minimum face/vertice threshold and a option to keep only the largest face or also allow smaller islands that are over the minimum threshold. 
Once settings in #197 and #198 are entered/selected, user can click on “Next” to proceed to the 3rd and final page/panel of the modal popup which contains the ability to browse for file destination and select the file output type from a dropdown list of “STL, OBJ or FBX”. User can then click “Apply & Export” for the export process to begin.
When the Export process is running, modal popup should close and there should be a progress / loading wheel in the right hand side of the top bar along with text saying “Exporting Segments”. There should also be an “Cancel” button next to this to stop the processing if it locks up the software or is indefinitely processing.

Design

User can access a panel in the LHS UI called “MCAD” which shall feature a half-height scrollable list section and a number of controls both below the list and in the main 3D view. Whilst in the MCAD panel, the RHS UI containing the 2D views is hidden resulting in a larger screen area for the 3D visualisation area.
At the top of the scrollable list shall be the “Scan Volume” which can not be deleted or renamed but shall have the ability to edit the Opacity by typing 0-100 in a small text field, with 0 being no opacity and 100 being maximum opacity. 
Users can add CAD model(s) to the list of CAD models by clicking on a “+” icon at the bottom of the list, this then allows the user to add new CAD model(s) to the list by browsing to a local file directory and selecting a compatible CAD file(s). These are named in the list depending on their file name (minus extension) and are allocated a colour unless they already have color data. By default, when models are added they are slightly indented compared to ‘Scan Volume’ to show they’re part of the scene/collection.
Users can also add CAD model(s) by opening the “Scan Database” from the top bar and then navigating to “3D Models” and clicking on a file to add it to the list in the MCAD panel and have it open in the MCAD view. By default, when models are added they are slightly indented compared to ‘Scan Volume’ to show they’re part of the scene/collection.
Users can remove CAD model(s) from the list of CAD models by selecting model(s), then clicking on a “-” icon at the bottom of the list.
To the left of the Scan Volume shall be an icon of a 3D cube. To the immediate left of all other CAD models in the list shall be a square containing a colour. Clicking on this square will provide users with a hexagonal colour picker to colour the CAD model whilst in 3Dicom to differentiate them.
Users can rename a CAD Model in the list by double-clicking on the CAD Model name. This then creates a white text field which can be typed into. Hitting “Enter” or clicking out of the text field closes the text field and sets the name to whatever is in the text field.
Users can see the volume of the CAD model to the immediate right hand side of the CAD model name inside of brackets (30 mm3) and displayed as mm3. 
Users can edit the opacity of a CAD Model by clicking on a square to the right of the name/volume which contains a number from 0-99. By editing this number, the Opacity can be changed to a specific value between 0 & 99 and visualised in the 3D view.
To the left-hand most side of a CAD Model in the list shall be an ‘Eye’ icon which can be clicked to toggle between the CAD Model being visible or not regardless of opacity.
Users can indent/unindent CAD Models in the list by dragging and dropping the CAD Models by clicking, holding and dragging them. Moving a selected CAD model on top of another CAD model in the list will indent the selected model and make it a child of the other model. Users can always select child models and drag them back out to be unindented. Similar to WP Menu
Users can select a single CAD Model by clicking on a CAD Model in the CAD Model list once. 
Users can select multiple CAD Models by holding Shift and left clicking on multiple CAD Models. Users can also remove CAD Models from the multiple selection by continuing to hold Shift but clicking on the desired CAD Model with a right click. 
Selecting/modifying the visibility and/or opacity of a “Parent” CAD model will select/move all Child models of that parent whereas selecting a Single child model will select/move/hide/show only the selected child models
Users can merge CAD models by selecting multiple CAD Models as per #214/215 and then clicking on a button at the bottom of the CAD Model list next to the “+” and “-” buttons that has a ‘merge’ icon. A dialog box appears stating “Merging models can’t be undone. Do you want to proceed? Yes/No”. The original Models are combined into a new CAD Model called “Merged Model n+1” and original CAD models are removed from the segment list. This is different from grouping as its actually combining them into one new STL/OBJ file not just making them move relational to one another.
Users can group CAD models by selecting multiple CAD Models as per #214/215 and then clicking on a button at the bottom of the CAD Model list next to the “+” and “-” buttons that has a ‘group’ icon. An icon appears next to grouped CAD Models to indicate they’re part of a group and they move/rotate etc. as though they’re one component (similar to #216 but parent Models can be grouped). Models can also be ungrouped.
Users can duplicate a CAD Model(s) by selecting one or more CAD Models in the list and clicking on a button at the bottom of the CAD Model list to the right of “Merge” that has a duplicate icon. All attributes such as colour, visibility, opacity, position and Hierachy etc. are copied to the new CAD Model(s) which is named “{Original CAD Model Name} + “Copy””
Users can undo / redo recent changes to CAD Models only by clicking on the “Undo” / “Redo” icon buttons at the bottom of the CAD Model list to the right of the Duplicate button. Users can also use global Undo/Redo with Ctrl/Cmd + Z, Ctrl/Cmd + Y.
Located under the CAD Model list shall be a toggle that allows Users to toggle on/off to show only selected CAD Models in 3D view OR show all visible CAD Models in 3D view.
Holding Shift + Left Mouse Click and Drag results in the user moving the Camera around the 3D space with the 3D models (including Scan Volume) not being moved. This allows for the User to view the Scan Volume / 3D models from any angle without rotating the Scan Volume/CAD Models themselves. 
If a User has selected a single CAD model (or Scan Volume), the 3D environment remains ‘still’ and only the selected model moves relative to the 3D environment and other CAD models/Scan Volume with the movement being based around that sole CAD model’s volumetric center.
If a User has selected multiple CAD models and/or Scan Volume, then the selected models all move together relative to the 3D environment and other unselected CAD models / Scan Volume with the movement being based around a central point between the volumetric centres of all the selected CAD Models. 
Users can select CAD Model(s) by clicking on Visible Models in the 3D view or any model in the CAD Model list and then view a CAD-style gizmo containing the rotation sphere, 3 axis movement arrows and 3 axis scale arrows. Clicking and dragging on any of the 3 axis movement arrows allows a Users to move the model back and forth along that axis. Additionally, the User can also click on the intersection of the 3-axis at the centre point to move the model freehand in any direction. 
Users can use the rotation sphere to rotate selected CAD models around the volumetric centre point by clicking and dragging on either of the rotation directions (azimuth, elevation). 
Users can scale selected CAD Model(s) using the 3 axis scale arrows in the CAD-style gizmo. Using an outer-most arrow scales the model equally in all directions, whereas using a slightly inboard scale arrow scales the model only in that respective plane.
Users can view a transform panel on the LHS panel under the list which contains the spatial location of the volumetric centre of the selected CAD Model(s) in the X, Y, Z planes along with rotational information, scale compared to original file and the total volume of the selected CAD Model(s). 
Users can use the transform panel to enter specific coordinates for movement, degrees (for rotation) and % for scale. They can also toggle between Global and Local coordinates.
Users can click on a button in the transform panel to lock the selected CAD model(s) to a particular position in the global co-ordinates. Locked CAD model(s) are locked to the Scan Volume and can not be interacted with (aside from changing colour, opacity and visibility) until unlocked in the Transform panel. Locked models have a Lock icon next to their name/volume in the CAD Model list. 
Users should be able to view icons for additional camera controls and settings underneath the Navigation cube to assist them in effectively visualising both the CAD Models and their relationship to the Scan Volume in 3D space. These icons should be vertically stacked and be informed by internal testing and best-practice Camera controls/settings in CAD Programs. 
As part of #231, Users should have the ability to toggle on/off the ability to lock a particular distance from the Volumetric centre of a selected CAD Model(s) whilst panning / rotating camera view in any direction. 
Users should have the ability to set numerous off screen controls such as mouse settings and hotkeys under “Off screen controls / hotkeys” for the MCAD functions within the full list of hotkeys as per #261.
Users can NOT use tools from the Measure panel to make measurements whilst in the MCAD view, however if CAD Model(s) 2D slices can be accurately displayed in the 2D views whilst a User is in the “Measure” panel, then the standard measurement tools can be used to make temporary measurements. Measurements of CAD Model(s) 2D ‘masks’ should only be temporal to account for if a 3D model is moved in the MCAD panel, the measurement would no longer be accurate / relevant in the Measure panel. 
As part of the icons below the navigation cube (as per #231), Users should be able to click on a “Ruler” icon to make 3D point-to-point measurements in MCAD only (disclaimer to state that it’s indicative only). Very similar to the measurements in VSP. 
Located in the bottom of the “MCAD” panel shall be a button that says “Reset all”. Clicking on the button shall spawn a dialog box that says “Resetting all will revert all changes to all current CAD models, do you want to proceed? Yes/No”. Clicking the button shall revert all changes made in the current MCAD session.
Located in the bottom of the “MCAD” panel shall be a button that says “Quick Export to Virtual Surgical Planning (VSP)”. If a User clicks on this, it spawns the usual Save panel which spawns same modal popup save function as #30 but also an additional page for the User to share the entire session or selected models, CAD measurements (as per #235) and other attributes direct to VSP by sharing it with themselves via MFTP so it appears in the Oculus Quest 2. 
Located in the bottom half of the “MCAD” panel shall be a button that says “Save CAD Models”. If a User clicks on this button, it should provide them with a modal popup that allows them to the currently selected CAD Model(s) to a local Directory and/or add the CAD Model(s) to the “3D Models” list in the Scan Database for easy loading in the future. NOTE: This save feature saves/exports the local geometry/size of the models but not the global position settings etc. to Save the MCAD session and/or 3Dicom session, the User should click on “Save” in the top bar as per #30 & #31.

Configuración general

Users can view short GIFS, silent videos and step-by-step guides by hovering over the titles of major features / functions in the side panels of the software
Users can access tooltips by hovering over Features / Functions in the software and titles of buttons/panel titles etc. throughout the User Interface.
Los usuarios pueden activar o desactivar la información sobre herramientas navegando a "Configuración -> General" y activando o desactivando la configuración "Habilitar información sobre herramientas".
Users can reset their installation of 3Dicom and clear the “Scan Database” of all scans by navigating to “Settings -> General” and clicking on “Clear Cache”. They will be prompted to type “DELETE” into a text field to verify and then they can click Apply. 
Los usuarios pueden crear accesos directos de teclas de acceso rápido utilizando entradas de teclado y ratón individuales o una combinación de entradas de teclado y ratón. Estas teclas de acceso rápido pueden ser configuradas por el usuario en el panel Configuración global en la pestaña "Controles".
Los usuarios pueden editar su configuración de medios en el panel de configuración en la pestaña "Medios" según #114 - 118. 
Los usuarios pueden editar sus combinaciones de teclas de acceso directo en la pestaña "Configuración -> Tecla de acceso directo".
Users can click on the ‘Help’ icon in the bottom left of the software to spawn a large dialog box which contains the level and version of the software and a link to the most recent Instructions for Use manual in PDF. Underneath this, there will be a form which they submit direct to “Freshdesk”. This is Singular Health’s CRM for customer feedback and post-market surveillance. The user will then be emailed directly by a Singular Health representative.
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